28 marzo 2006

Il governo di Hamas ha approvato, giura di combattere Israele

A dispetto delle dichiarazioni di lunedì, in cui il futuro primo ministro Ismail Haniyeh sottolineava la nuova spinta del governo di Hamas per la pace e il dialogo, ecco come stanno le cose in realtà. Ho come l'impressione che dovrà passare ancora molto tempo, prima che le cose migliorino tra Israele e Palestina.

GAZA (Reuters) - A Hamas-dominated Palestinian parliament approved the Islamic militant group's cabinet and program on Tuesday, clearing the way for it to take control of the government two months after its shock election victory.

Chanting "God is Greatest" after the 71-to-36 vote, Hamas lawmakers hugged and kissed Ismail Haniyeh, their teary-eyed prime minister-designate who vowed to not to abandon the fight against Israel.

"The Koran is our constitution, Jihad is our way, and death for the sake of God is our highest aspiration," Hamas lawmaker Hamed Bitawi said.

Tuesday's comments stood in contrast to a more conciliatory speech by Haniyeh on Monday in which he stressed the new government's push for peace and dialogue. The earlier speech drew fire from some lawmakers for not stressing resistance.

The vote of confidence came on the day Israel held a general election that interim Prime Minister Ehud Olmert was expected to win on a platform of imposing Israel's final borders with the Palestinians if peacemaking remains stalled.

The new cabinet, dominated by Hamas loyalists, was expected to be sworn in on Wednesday by President Mahmoud Abbas, whose long-dominant Fatah faction refused to join the new government.

Hamas, committed by its charter to Israel's destruction, inherits an aid-dependent Palestinian Authority that is on the brink of financial collapse.

A threatened cut in Western aid could make it more difficult for Hamas to pay the salaries of an estimated 140,000 Palestinian Authority workers, including security personnel. Aid groups say a funding crisis could lead to chaos and violence.


In presenting the cabinet for parliamentary approval on Monday, Haniyeh sought to reach out to the West by saying his government was ready for talks with the "Quartet" of Middle East mediators on bringing a "just peace" to the region.

In contrast on Tuesday, Haniyeh said: "We were born from the womb of resistance, we will protect resistance and the arm of resistance will not be touched," said Haniyeh.

Addressing Mariam Farhat, a newly-elected Hamas lawmaker whose three sons died fighting Israel, Haniyeh said: "This the fruit of the sacrifices by martyrs, including your sons. You've got to be proud of this day."

Israel seized on Haniyeh's change of tone, saying it reflected the new government's "extremist" policies.

"I hope the sort of remarks we heard today help to dissolve any possible illusion that might exist as to the true character of this new Palestinian leadership," said Foreign Ministry spokesman Mark Regev.

The United States, grouped in the Quartet with the European Union, Russia and the United Nations, has also rejected talks with Hamas until it renounces violence, accepts interim peace deals and recognizes Israel's right to exist.

Hamas has carried out nearly 60 suicide bombings against Israelis since 2000, but has largely abided by a year-old truce.

After the vote, Haniyeh and several newly-approved cabinet ministers prayed at the house of Hamas co-founder Sheikh Ahmed Yassin, who was killed by an Israeli airstrike in 2004.

"We are coming to congratulate you and to say that the blood of our Sheikh (Yassin) did not go in vain," Haniyeh told Yassin's widow.

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